Bornean Bear Pigs and Animals


Predators and lifecycle of the Bearded Pig

The bearded pig is a species of pig that can be identified by a beard-like tuft of whiskers growing from the top of its snout. It is an omnivorous mammal.

The bearded pig can be found living wild in the mangroves and rainforests of the islands in South East Asia – namely Sumatra, Borneo and the Eastern Philippines. There are also a number of bearded pigs living in zoos around the world.

The bearded pig has a very small body in relation to other pig species, but an exceptionally large head. It has a long and slender snout that sports the beard of yellowish whiskers that give the species its name.

Roots, fallen fruits, insects, new shoots and seedlings make up the core of the bearded pigs diet although they will also eat carrion. Families of bearded pigs will often follow packs of monkeys around to feast on whatever is left of the monkey’s own fruit harvest.

Bearded pigs live in large family groups but the females will leave the main family to give birth. Birthing takes place in a nest that the female bearded pig makes for herself out of vegetation, and nests can be as large as 2 metres in diameter and 1 metre high. The average litter size is around 4.

Young bearded pigs (known as “piglets”,  “shoats” or “bonhams”) will stay with their mother for the first full year of their lives. They will learn how to survive in the rainforest with the rest of the family group, which can include up to 200 members. Bearded pigs have a life expectancy of 14 to 16 years.

The main predators of the bearded pig include tigers, pythons and leopards. Human will also hunt the bearded pig for meat.

The bearded pig is something referred to as the Borneo Bearded Pig, and its name in Malay is “Babi Berjanggut”. The Latin name for the bearded pig is “Sus Barbatus”.

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