Bornean Bear Pigs and Animals


Sun Bear Facts

The Sun Bear lives in Southeast Asia, from the Eastern Himalayas to parts of Southern China, and southward through parts of Burma, Vietnam and the Malayan peninsula. They live in tropical and subtropical forests.

They are the smallest member of the Ursidae (bear) family. They have a short, coarse fur that is completely black except for an occasional patch around their muzzle and a U-shaped patch on their chest. This patch is said to resemble a rising Sun and gives the bear its name. They have relatively large paws with bare soles and sickle-shaped claws, both of which are thought to aid the bear when climbing trees.

They spend much of their life foraging, eating and sleeping in trees. They are a nocturnal animal and are aided in the hunt for food by an exceptional sense of smell. Adult Sun Bears are almost completely blind and greatly depend on their sense of smell.


Some Sun Bear facts

Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Family: Ursidae
Species: Helarctos Malayanus
Shoulder height: 70 cm
Length: 120 – 150 cm
Weight: 65 kg
Gestation period: 96 days
Life expectancy: 24 years

Sun Bears are omnivorous animals with a diet consisting mainly of insects and fruits, although they are opportunistic and will eat small rodents, birds and lizards. They have also been known to cause large amounts of destruction to farmers’ crop fields, including oil palms, coconut trees, banana plantations and cacao trees.

The Sun Bear is one of the rarest species of bear today. The exact number of bears living in the wild is not known for sure but population levels are steadily decreasing due to deforestation and hunting by humans. The Sun Bear has very few natural predators, but are hunted by humans either for their fur or to bring up their cubs as domestic pets.

Female Sun Bears  give birth to one or two cubs at a time and these cubs will usually stay with their Mother for at least two years or until they reach sexual maturity. Males reach sexual maturity at 4 and the females at 3.

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