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Bornean Bear Pigs and Animals

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Bearded Pig Facts

The bearded pig is one of the smaller species of pig that lives in the rainforests and mangroves of the islands around Indonesia and the Philippines. It is an omnivorous mammal that eats roots, earthworms, fruits and other forest foods including carrion (dead meat).

The bearded pig has a very long face with a slender snout. They have a large number of whiskers that grow on the snout and lend the species its name. They have one of the smallest torsos yet one of the largest heads of all pig species.

Their bodies are grey or brown in colour and are covered in a thin layer of yellow / white hairs. They have small ears and small, wart-like tusks on their snouts. They have tails that are between 20 and 30 cm long and have a two-rower tuft, similar to an elephant’s tail.

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Bearded pig facts

Classification: Mammal
Order: Artiodactyla
Family: Suidae
Sub-family: Suinae
Species: Sus Barbatus
Body length: 100 – 165 cm
Body height: 70 – 85 cm
Body weight: 100 – 150 kg
Lifespan: Up to 16 years

The female bearded pig will give birth to a litter of between 2 and 8 young. These piglets will live with their mother for the first year of their lives. The females give birth in a nest of twigs and ferns they build themselves and have a gestation period of 4 months. The maximum expected lifespan of a bearded pig is 16 years.

Bearded pigs live in large family groups and live together in one location for the majority of the year. They are known to follow packs of monkeys, such as gibbons or macaques, to eat the fruit that the monkeys discard and drop to the forest floor.

Humans will hunt the bearded pig for its meat, usually whilst the pig is making its annual migration. The bearded pig is the only species of pig that is known to make a long distance migration, and during this period it will depart from its usually shy behaviour. This makes it a prime target for predators, including tigers, leopards and pythons, during this time.

Despite these predators, and the relatively small spread of native environments around the world, the bearded pig is not classed as an endangered species.

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